Member Profile

Mr Duarte Costa

PhD Student

Climate Change Research Centre (CCRC)
University of New South Wales

d.costa@student.unsw.edu.au

Biography

Duarte started his PhD in February, 2018, at the Climate Change Research Centre at the University of New South Wales. In the past seven years Duarte has collaborated in a variety of projects and institutions in the UK and Brazil, from research to climate consultancy, about climate change in Brazil. He is particularly interested in climate extreme events and effective solutions to mitigate and/or adapt to the new risks these pose in a changing anthropogenic environment. His PhD will focus on changes in heat exchange between land-surface and the atmosphere, namely between vegetation and extreme temperatures. This research aims particularly to test the contribution from reforestation of South American native forest biomes (such as Amazonia) as a positive anthropogenic mechanism to mitigate heat extremes. Through a combination of land-surface and high resolution climate modelling tools, this PhD aims to not only further the understanding of land-atmosphere heat exchange during extreme events but also in testing the potential to positively use such strong coupling as a climate engineering tool to mitigate heat extremes under a globally warming climate.

THESIS: The role of anthropogenic reforestation in mitigating heat extremes within a globally warming environment

This PhD research aims to transform our understanding of past and present climate extremes and revolutionise our capability to predict them into the future to transform our understanding of past and present climate. The research generate new scientific advancements on the understanding of the relationship between biosphere and atmosphere, particularly for extreme heat events from land surface perturbations (like deforestation). Both CLEX and CCRC have world renowned expertise in heatwaves and land-surface modelling. This PhD aims to 'revolutionise' opportunities to use land-use management as a tool to respond to future global climate change. The expected outcomes from this research will complement our understanding of past and present land-atmosphere coupling in heat extremes and enable concrete steps forward in improving our capabilities to cope with and adapt to climate extremes in the future.