B.Sc., 1985, Oceanography and Meteorology, The Flinders University of South Australia. Grad. Dip. Computer Science, 1987, University of Tasmania. B.Sc. (HONS-1st class), 1990, Physical Oceanography, The Flinders University of South Australia. Thesis Title: Interfacial form drag in the Antarctic Circumpolar Current. Advisor: John Bye. PhD., 2000, Physical Oceanography, University of Tasmania. Thesis Title: Mean flow, eddy variability and energetics of the Subantarctic Front south of Australia. Advisors: Steve Rintoul, Nathan Bindoff and Richard Coleman.