Supervisor: Dr Shayne McGregor (

Location: Monash University



El Nino events have dramatic impacts on climate and extreme weather around the globe, including floods, droughts and tropical cyclone formation and landfall. While many institutions around the globe offer routine forecasts of these events, the events continue to surprise the experts and defy forecasts. This is despite the improvement in our understanding, numerical models and observations of the tropical Pacific region. This apparent unpredictability is largely thought to stem from the stochastic nature of the event initiation. This study will use a series of atmospheric model simulations to investigate the nature of this stochastic forcing and its relationship to background SSTs.


If you are interested in this project, please fill out the application form.